Prescribing Advice for GPs

An NHS Prescribing Advisers' Blog

Why A&E Campaign

It is 10 years since the first video was uploaded to YouTube. So it's nice to see that the Think! Why A&E campaign has uploaded a video encouraging patients to access the right NHS service for their symptoms.

Action: This may be a useful resource for general practices to link on their websites and perhaps use on practice television systems with due regard for the copyright. Practices wishing to use this resource should contact Colette Cassin at Blackpool CCG.

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BNF 69

The 69th Edition of the British National Formulary has been published. As previously noted, the BNF will now only be distributed annually in the NHS.

New or revised content in this version includes updated advice in the following areas:

  • Updated general guidance on drugs and driving in response to new regulations in force from March 2015
  • Updated guidance on risk assessment and treatment in the management of arrhythmias
  • Updated recommendations on minimising risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw and hypocalcaemia associated with denosumab following new MHRA advice
  • New guidance on dose adjustment in renal impairment for atorvastatin
  • New recommendations on concomitant use of drugs affecting the renin-angiotensin system
  • New guidance on dose adjustment in hepatic and renal impairment for zolpiclone
  • Updated guidance on assessing cardiovascular risk and modification of blood lipids in the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease
  • Updates to recommended regimens for prophylaxis against malaria for specific countries

The web version has already been updated but requires registration or an Athens account for continued access. The printed version is available for purchase.

Action: All clinicians should start using BNF 69 via electronic methods were possible. The web version can be used to access the latest information if necessary.

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NICE Guidance - March 2015

The National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has published new guidance for the month of March 2015. This month there are four guidelines and two technology appraisals that impact upon primary care.

The Medicines optimisation guideline offers best practice advice on the care of all people who are using medicines and also those who are receiving suboptimal benefit from medicines. The recommendations include topic areas such as medication review, medicines reconciliation and patient decision aids.

The Excess winter deaths and morbidity guideline makes recommendations on how to reduce the risk of death and ill health associated with living in a cold home. Clinicians may find this guideline useful when consulting vulnerable people.

The Maintaining a healthy weight guideline makes recommendations on behaviours that may help people maintain a healthy weight or prevent excess weight gain. The recommendations aim to:

  • encourage people to make changes in line with existing advice
  • encourage people to develop physical activity and dietary habits that will help them maintain a healthy weight and prevent excess weight gain
  • encourage people to monitor their own weight and associated behaviours
  • promote the clear communication of benefits of maintaining a healthy weight and making gradual changes to physical activity and diet
  • ensure messages are tailored to specific groups
  • ensure activities are integrated with the local strategic approach to obesity

The Depression in children and young people guideline has been updated in sections 1.5 and 1.6 where new recommendations on psychological therapies and antidepressants have been added.

The Empagliflozin technology appraisal recommends this treatment for type 2 diabetes, in combination with metformin, only if the person cannot take a sulfonylurea or is at significant risk of hypoglycaemia or its consequences. It can also be used in triple therapy in addition to metformin and a sulphonylurea or a glitazone, and finally use in combination with insulin, with or without other antidiabetic drugs is also allowed.

The Rivaroxaban technology appraisal recommends this treatment as an option within its marketing authorisation, in combination with aspirin plus clopidogrel or aspirin alone, for preventing atherothrombotic events in people who have had an acute coronary syndrome with elevated cardiac biomarkers. The risk of bleeding needs to be assessed before treatment is started and a decision on continuation of treatment should be taken no later than 12 months after starting treatment.

Action: Clinicians should be aware of this month's new guidance and implement any necessary changes to practice.

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NICE Guidance - February 2015

The National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has published new guidance for the month of February 2015. This month there are three guidelines that impact upon primary care.

The Bladder cancer guideline offers evidence-based advice on the diagnosis and management of bladder cancer in adults.

The Diabetes in pregnancy guideline offers evidence-based advice on managing diabetes and its complications in women who are planning pregnancy and those who are already pregnant. It focuses on areas where additional or different care should be offered to women with diabetes and their newborn babies.

The Irritable bowel syndrome in adults clinical guideline is an update to the original guideline from 2008. It contains advice on the diagnosis and management of irritable bowel syndrome and details the circumstances when people need to be referred to a specialist. Recommendations for ovarian cancer screening as well as dietary and lifestyle advice and pharmacological therapy have been added to and updated.

Action: Clinicians should be aware of this month's new guidance and implement any necessary changes to practice.

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NICE Guidance - January 2015

The National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has published new guidance for the month of January 2015. This month there is one clinical guideline that impacts upon primary care.

The Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: recognition, diagnosis and management in children and young people clinical guideline offers evidence-based advice on the recognition, diagnosis and management of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in children and young people. This is also the first guideline issued in a new number system introduce this year.

This guidance notes that that reflux is very common in well infants and does not require treatment, but that clinicians should be alert to red flag symptoms which may suggest GORD or other disorders.

Action: Clinicians should be aware of this month's new guidance and implement any necessary changes to practice.

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